About Otto Neumann

“The beginning and the way to a goal, which I have worked my entire life for… the representation of humans, not as objects, but instead as from the inside out, humans with the sense of the ancient world.”

Otto Neumann

Otto Neumann’s immersive work in a variety of mediums and styles defines his distinguished oeuvre. Neumann was a prolific artist born in Heidelberg, Germany in 1895 in a time of the country’s unprecedented academic and intellectual growth.

The son of a renowned professor at the University of Heidelberg, Neumann grew up surrounded by his father’s friends including brilliant German philosophers and scholars Max Weber and Ernst Troeltsch. These academic influencers of thought shaped Neumann’s perspective in art and literature.

George Braque, founder of Cubism with Pablo Picasso, was inspired by Neumann’s work, and sought to add his paintings to his collection. Many noted artists influenced Neumann including Austrian artist Oskar Kokoschka, British sculptor Henry Moore, and the group of German expressionist artists of Die Brücke (The Bridge). Neumann admired works by painters Henry Moore, Hans von Marées, and Oskar Schlemmer.

The magnum opus of his career was the detailed graphite drawings based on each of the 34 cantos of Dante Alighieri’s 14th-century epic poem Divine Comedy. Neumann also created prints of many of Dante’s subjects, though almost always one of a kind, and set up his lifelong practice of sometimes signing the prints but never utilizing edition numbers.

Institutions owning works by Otto Neumann include:

Alumni Memorial Museum of Art, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 

Art Institute of Chicago

Benedictine University, Lisle, Illinois

Burpee Art Museum, Rockford, Illinois

Darmstädter Landesmuseum, Darmstadt

Detroit Institute of Arts

Gahlberg Gallery, College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, Illinois

Gibbes Museum of Art, Charleston, South Carolina

Goethe-Institut, Chicago

Koehnline Museum of Art, Des Plaines, Illinois

Kurpfälzisches Museum, Heidelberg

Maier Museum of Art, Lynchburg, Virginia

Museum of Modern Art, New York

Newberry Library, Chicago

Oglethorpe University Museum of Art

Portland Art Museum, Portland, Oregon

The Rose Art Museum, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts

Scarfone/Hartley Gallery, The University of Tampa

Southeast Missouri Regional Museum, Cape Girardeau, Missouri

Staatliche Graphische Sammlung, München

Städtische Galerie, München

Tampa Museum of Art, Tampa, Florida

Universitätsbibliothek, Heidelberg

University of Illinois at Chicago

Otto Neumann

(March 14, 1895 - January 2, 1975)

A German Expressionist painter and print-maker. His work evolved from strongly colored and thickly brushed paintings and sharp and angular black and white prints, to late abstract prints in a variety of colors. Although his style and preferred mediums both changed through a long career, the human figure remained his most enduring and constant subject.


Otto Neumann was born in Heidelberg, the third child of Fritz Neumann, a professor of Romance Philology at the University of Heidelberg. Neumann grew up exposed to his father's circle of intellectual friends. Among them were prominent professors of art, literature, and medicine including Ernst Troeltsch and Max Weber. Books were a major part of his family life, and he was to use mythology, Dante's Inferno, and more modern works as the sources for his art.

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After graduating from the local Humanistic Gymnasium, the young man began to study art at the art academy in Karlsruhe. World War I interrupted his training, and he spent six months in the Rastatt Artillery before receiving a medical discharge. He briefly returned to Karlsruhe, then took private lessons from the landscape painter, Wilhelm Oertel in Mannheim before completing his training at the Academie der Bildenden Kunste in Munch in 1919. After returning to Heidelberg, he began to paint oil portraits, primarily of such major university figures as Max Weber and medical faculty members like Hans Prinzhorn.

Otto Neumann: His Life and Work in Hardcover

Otto Neumann: His Life and Work in Hardcover

September 1, 2007 by Dr. David M. Sokol (Author)

One of the most versatile and original artists of the twentieth century, Otto Neumann created works of sumptuous beauty and sleek simplicity in an array of media: oils, watercolors, chalk, graphite, lithographs, woodcuts, and monotypes, among others. He lived through revolutionary changes in the art world of prewar and postwar Germany.